Syria is in trouble.
From 2011 to 2012, Syria rocketed from 48th to 23rd place on the Failed States Index. The question of Syria as a failed state has been broached by al-Monitor, Reuters, the BBC, NPR, the UN Arab League Envoy, and others.
A UN Independent International Commission of Inquiry has finally admitted that a sectarian civil war is raging in Syria. The massacres and grievous human rights violations of recent months are declared in a 10 page report. The opening line reads:
‘The unrelenting violence in Syria has resulted in thousands of deaths, untold thousands of wounded, detained and disappeared, and physical destruction on a massive scale.’
The report’s conclusion opens by saying:
‘The war of attrition that is being fought in Syria has brought immeasurable destruction and human suffering to the civilian population. As the conflict drags on, the parties have become ever more violent and unpredictable, which has led to their conduct increasingly being in breach of international law.’
This inferno is replete with sectarian violence. This is the fruit of many months of involvement by the US and allied powers in Europe and the Middle East. Far from fighting terror, the US and allied regimes recruit for and aid a Sunni insurgency comprised of al Qaeda fighters, Muslim Brotherhood and Salafist fighters.
Syria is now polarized. It is being radicalized, and the UN Genocide Advisor is warns of rising risk of sectarian violence in Syria. The 2012 Failed States Index attests that civilian casualties are high, and that both sides have committed ‘extreme human rights abuses.’ At this point, 500,000 are reported displaced and 4 million are in urgent need of basic necessities.
The report also states that a stream of refugees’ is now overflowing into neighboring countries, and rightly notes that these actions, which are crimes of war, will also destabilize the greater region.
The Joint Special Representative of the UN and the League of Arab States for Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, is reported to say that a political solution to this crisis is still possible. But so long as there is profit to be made, Western capitalist powers at the behest of the US continue their imperial reach into the Middle East to extort its wealth whatever the human cost. The complete replacement of this capitalist system with democratic socialism alone will bring peace to this region.